Rejecting Fake Solutions on Energy
Rejecting Fake Solutions on Energy
Joint Press Release
Global Month of Action for Climate Justice
Indonesian government reneged on promises of political re-saving the environment. In a speech at the APEC Meeting (October 6, 2013), the President reiterated support to the development which accelerate the pace of carbon emissions, that is the Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesian Economic Development (MP3EI). President SBY even say, in 14 years MP3EI will add value to investment in agriculture, mining, energy, industrial, marine, tourism and telecommunications. Whereas in 2009, Mr. President stated his commitment to decrease GHG emission by their own way, that is 26% to 41% in 2020.
Although it is followed by the publication of the National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction (RAN GRK) and passed through Presidential Decree No. 61 In 2011, the political commitment to its implementation is weak. This is proven by full support that was given by the government to the MP3EI, and the Government is still relying on coal within the framework of conventional construction.
The government is still supporting the construction of energy-intensive fossil and natural resources. First, according to Presidential Decree No. 59 In 2009, the President set a plan to build 35 coal fired power plants (coal-fired plant) with a total capacity of 10,000 megawatts. Among the top ten coal-fired plant are located in Java. The coal-fired plant development policy is with the same money MP3EI, namely to facilitate the needs of a variety of energy companies to invest.
Continued use of dirty energy is connecting with the various forms of injustice. Most of the national coal production are not to meet the domestic energy needs, but the needs for foreigners. The Government encourages the target gross energy supply is only up to 95.5 million tons of coal for domestic needs in 2014 or 25% of the total national production target of 369 million tonnes of coal. The remaining 75% of the total national production of coal is to supply the needs for foreign industries.
Due to the presence of Paiton coal-fired plant, now fishers in Probolinggo, East Java, have lost their catch, such as fish and need to look further and even some of them have switched their professions. Probolinggo Paiton PLTB activity has resulted in damaged coral reefs and sea polluted by the waning impact on fish populations in their area . Meanwhile in Batang , Central Java, the Government and PT . Bimasena Power Indonesia ( PT BPI ) project run an establishment of a power plant stem with a capacity of 2x1000 MW. This project which requires an area of 700 ha and will certainly rules out the livelihoods of fishermen and farmers in ( 6 ) six villages , namely Ponowareng , Karanggeneng , Wonokerso , Ujungnegoro, Sengon ( Roban East ) and Kedung Segog ( Roban West ) .
Secondly, the Government supports the geothermal power plant which has high power damaged. Drilling geothermal wells produce various kinds of waste. The main waste of these shale drilling ( drill cutting ), which entered into the B3 category . Watershed demolition process , drilling , passing vehicles and heavy equipment - potentially damaging the landscape and disrupt the stability of the soil and water . With the environmental impact of geothermal energy in the form of decreased discharge and water quality , erosion and flooding , pollution of various hazardous chemicals , SO2 , CO2 , CO , NO2 and H2S - the geothermal energy is a threat to society . Various damaged impact are just like the tangled threads , because private dominated geothermal energy utilization .
Third, the new mining methods such as fracking , now being developed by indonesian government . This fact has been criticized by the world , because it proved that it enable to shore up America to meet the energy reserves of gas and oil . Hydrofracking or hydraulic fracturing technology , is simply the process of extraction of natural gas or petroleum by injecting high -pressure fluids down or horizontally into the rock layers where the gas deposits (shale gas) and or oil (oil shale) existed. The raw material is to inject water , sand or ceramic beads and special chemicals . By injecting water along with various other ingredients then mix gas or oil can be pumped to the top and then accommodated . *
CSF CJI ( Civil Society Forum for Climate Justice ) and KRuHA ( People's Coalition for the Right to Water ) reminds the Government to realize , ‖those new energy above which is seen as a solution by the Government – in fact has continued the various forms of environmental degradation and natural resources .
Development that relies on coal energy is not the right option to meet the energy needs of the future. Globally, 60 percent of drivers of global warming from carbon emissions generated by coal. The use of dirty coal energy can not not involve in the transfer process of the land use, exploitation, degradation and pollution on many levels. Coal production-consumption cycle has been releasing the carbon into the air in large quantities.
Governments need to know, at least 70% of the reserves of geothermal resources located in conservation areas, such as protected forests and nature reserves. The government and the contractor really need to open their eyes and did not dismantle the protected forest solely for geothermal energy.
Earth is our own common ground. Fulfillment of the public safety and the environment should be undertaken with the full awareness of, and provide maximum benefit to the community itself. Therefore, CSF-CJI and KRuHA confirm the recommendations, as follows:
First, implementation of national policies of Indonesia government is set forth in the preamble to the 1945 Constitution which is oriented in 3 (three) things: (1) protect all the people of Indonesia and the entire homeland of Indonesia, (2) promote the general welfare, and (3 ) educating the intellectual of the nation. Indonesian government should forming and implementing regulations that ensure the right to a healthy environment.
Second, the global-national support is a need to achieve the fulfillment of human security and environmental protection since the local government level, until the national, regional and global as well. So then, the government within the framework of international cooperation is inappropriate in inviting and cooperating with countries and foreign companies to work together just to destroy and exploit the environment.
Third, as an effort to uphold the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia, the Government needs to take firm steps to stop all forms of development plans, which will add to agrarian issues in Indonesia. The government must review the plan and need to stop MP3EI.
Fourth, The Government of Indonesia should integrate environmental protection upstream and downstream, to stop relying on coal as an engine of development. In that way, they need to be seriously pursue the use of clean and renewable energy, to replace the use of fossil energy.
For further information, do not hesitate to contact these numbers :
Mida Saragih, National Coordinator of CSF-CJI (Indonesia Civil Society Forum for climate Justice). Phone. 081322306673
Rizkita Alamanda, Indonesia Center for Environmental Law (ICEL). Phone. 021-92304267
Hendrik Siregar, Jaringan Advokasi Tambang (JATAM). Ph. 0852 6913 5520
Selamet Daroyni, The People Coalition on Fisheries Justice (KIARA). Ph. 08211 0683 102
Muhammad Reza Sahib, The People Coalition for Rights to Water (KruHA). Ph. 081370601441
Nisa Anisa, Women Solidarity (SP). Phone. 0812846 4430
Global Month of Action is a joint initiative of the Global Campaign to Demand Climate Justice, Friends of the Earth International, 350.org, Oil Change International, GAIA International, Food and Water Europe / Global Frackdown, International Rivers Network, Jubilee South - Asia / Pacific Movement on Debt and Development, LDC Watch, Indonesia Civil Society Forum for climate Justice (CSF-CJI), the People's Coalition for the Right to Water (KRuHA) and other networks, movements and campaigns that work on issues of energy and climate change.